Mobile cranes

Mobile cranes can be defined as cable-controlled mounted cranes. It is generally mounted on crawlers or rubber-tired carriers. It can also be considered a hydraulic-powered crane with a telescoping boom. This type is generally mounted on truck-type carriers (occasionally called self-propelled models.) They easily transport different types of load and cargo and use little or no setup.

Mobile cranes operate a boom, with a hook suspended on the end by wire rope and sheaves. These wire ropes are controlled by the movers, operating through a variety of transmissions. Steam engines, electric motors, and internal combustion engines (IC) have all been used in the manipulation of these ropes. Older crane transmissions are traditionally clutches. This is inefficient and was later modified when using IC engines to match the steam engines torque without any of the movement characteristic. By including a hydro-kinetic element it culminated in controlled torque converters.

The advantages of this arrangement can be seen in the electronic control of hydro-static drives. For its size and other considerations is becoming increasingly standard. Some examples of this type of crane can be converted to a demolition crane by adding a demolition ball, or to an earthmover by adding a clamshell bucket or a dragline and scoop, although design details can limit their effectiveness.

Before the 1900s cranes were fixed to a single position, barring those which were fixed on flatcars with some restricted movement. The Appleby Brothers’ Steam-powered cranes were shown in 1867 and Vienna in 1873. In 1922, Henry Coles of Appleby Corp, began producing truck-mounted cranes marketed under the name “the Petrol Electric Lorry Crane.”